Fears that robots will take away jobs from people have dominated the discussion over the future of work, but the World Development Report 2019 finds that on balance this appears to be unfounded. Instead, technology is bringing opportunity, paving the way to create new jobs, increase productivity, and improve public service delivery.
An estimated 10.5 percent of U.S. households were food insecure at least some time during the year in 2019, meaning they lacked access to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. That is down from 11.1 percent in 2018 and from a peak of 14.9 percent in 2011. The prevalence of very low food security was 4.1 percent in 2019, not significantly different from 2018.See additional tables: Statistical Supplement to Household Food Security in the United States in 2019 (AP-084).
The year 2019 was characterized by warmer-than-average conditions across most of the global land and ocean surfaces. Record high annual temperatures over land surfaces were measured across parts of central Europe, Asia, Australia, southern Africa, Madagascar, New Zealand, North America, and eastern South America. Record high sea surface temperatures were observed across parts of all oceans, specifically, parts of the North and South Atlantic Ocean, the western Indian Ocean, and areas of northern, central and southwestern Pacific Ocean. No land or ocean areas were record cold for the year.
Following Europe's record warm year in 2018, the year 2019 was also very warm, ranking as the second warmest on record and just 0.04C (0.07F) cooler than 2018. The years 2014 through 2019 all rank among Europe's six warmest years on record. Europe's annual temperature has increased at an average rate of 0.14C (0.25F) per decade since 1910; however, it has more than tripled to 0.46C (0.83F) since 1981.
The ocean heating is irrefutable and a key measure of the Earth's energy imbalance: the excess greenhouse gases in the air trap more heat inside the climate system and drives global warming. More than 90% of the heat accumulates in the ocean because of its large heat capacity, and the other heating is manifested in warming the atmosphere, warming and drying land, and melting land and sea ice. There are no reasonable alternatives aside from the human emissions of heat-trapping gases (IPCC 2001, 2007, 2013, 2019; USGCRP 2017).
The poverty guidelines (unlike the poverty thresholds) are designated by the year in which they are issued. For instance, the guidelines issued in January 2019 are designated the 2019 poverty guidelines. However, the 2019 HHS poverty guidelines only reflect price changes through calendar year 2018; accordingly, they are approximately equal to the Census Bureau poverty thresholds for calendar year 2018.
March 24, 2023 - The FDA has finalized two guidances: Transition Plan for Medical Devices That Fall Within Enforcement Policies Issued During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Public Health Emergency and Transition Plan for Medical Devices Issued Emergency Use Authorizations (EUAs) Related to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). The guidances outline the FDA's general recommendations to transition from certain policies adopted and operations implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic to normal operations, including the FDA's recommendations for:
FDA plays a critical role in protecting the United States from threats such as emerging infectious diseases, including the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. FDA is committed to providing timely guidance to support response efforts to this pandemic.
The policies in this guidance are intended to remain in effect only for the duration of the declaration under section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) by the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) on February 4, 2020, declaring that circumstances exist justifying the authorization of emergency use of in vitro diagnostics for detection and/or diagnosis of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). FDA continues to assess the evolving situation and intends to update this guidance as appropriate.
The IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services is composed of 1) a Summary for Policymakers (SPM), approved by the IPBES Plenary at its 7th session in May 2019 in Paris, France (IPBES-7); and 2) a set of six Chapters, accepted by the IPBES Plenary.
IPBES (2019): Summary for policymakers of the global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. S. Díaz, J. Settele, E. S. Brondízio, H. T. Ngo, M. Guèze, J. Agard, A. Arneth, P. Balvanera, K. A. Brauman, S. H. M. Butchart, K. M. A. Chan, L. A. Garibaldi, K. Ichii, J. Liu, S. M. Subramanian, G. F. Midgley, P. Miloslavich, Z. Molnár, D. Obura, A. Pfaff, S. Polasky, A. Purvis, J. Razzaque, B. Reyers, R. Roy Chowdhury, Y. J. Shin, I. J. Visseren-Hamakers, K. J. Willis, and C. N. Zayas (eds.). IPBES secretariat, Bonn, Germany. 56 pages.
IPBES (2019): Global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. E. S. Brondizio, J. Settele, S. Díaz, and H. T. Ngo (editors). IPBES secretariat, Bonn, Germany. 1148 pages.
The NDS 2019 will be implemented at all existing NDS 2000 facilities and specific facilities under the PBNDS 2008 that are better suited for these standards, as well as facilities that are unable to meet the more robust requirements of PBNDS 2011.
DevOps Research and Assessment (DORA), a pioneer in helping organizations achieve high DevOps and organizational performance with data-driven insights, and Google Cloud are excited to announce the launch of the 2019 Accelerate State of DevOps Report. The report provides a comprehensive view of the DevOps industry, providing actionable guidance for organizations of all sizes and in all industries to improve their software delivery performance to ultimately become an elite DevOps performer. With six years of research and data from more than 31,000 professionals worldwide, the 2019 Accelerate State of DevOps Report is the largest and longest-running research of its kind.
Thanks to everyone who contributed to the survey. We hope this report helps organizations of all sizes, industries, and regions improve. We look forward to hearing your thoughts and feedback on the report. Here are some ways you can learn more about 2019 The Accelerate State of DevOps Report.
The 2019 Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF) is the most recent survey conducted. Below are links to the bulletin article, interactive chartbook, historical bulletin tables, full public dataset, extract dataset, replicate weight files, and documentation.
SCF Interactive ChartThe SCF Interactive Chart creates time series charts representing estimates in the historic tables, and covers the period 1989 to the most recent survey year. For each variable and classification group, the charts show the percent of families in the group who have the item and the median and mean amounts of holdings for those who have the item. Users should be aware that because robust techniques were not used to calculate the mean estimates, results in some instances may be strongly affected by outliers. All dollar variables are inflation-adjusted to 2019 dollars.
SCF Interactive ChartThe SCF Interactive Chart contains time series charts using triennial SCF data covering the period 1989 to 2019. The variables included are ones that appear in a selected set of the tables in the Bulletin article. For each variable and classification group, the charts show the percent of families in the group who have the item and the median and mean amounts of holdings for those who have any. All dollar estimates are given in 2019 dollars. The definitions of the summary variables are given by the SAS program used to create them.
SAS formatThe summary extract data set contains variables used in the Federal Reserve Bulletin article. All dollar variables have been inflation-adjusted to 2019 dollars. Definitions of the variables in the summary extract dataset can be found in the SAS program used to create the data set. The SAS version is created using PROC CPORT, a version using PROC COPY and the EXPORT option is not provided due to the limitation on the length of variable names when using the EXPORT option.
Codebook for the 2019 Survey of Consumer FinancesThe codebook contains the text, variable names, and responses for the questions asked in the survey. Also provided are a brief summary of the technical features of the survey design; a copy of the source code for the CAPI program, a concordance of variable names in the final data set and those used in the CAPI program; two programs that calculate standard errors for regression models and another program to calculate standard errors for simple statistics such as weighted medians, all three of which account for sampling error and multiple imputation; and a list of the variables included in the public data set.
MR Interview (r) Computer Code used for Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)The 2019 survey data were collected using CAPI. A copy of the source code for the program is provided below. In previous years of the SCF, an executable version of the CAPI program has been provided, but for 2019, only a text version of the program code is available. Right click and choose save, then change the file extension to .mdd and this should allow licensed users of MR Interview to use the file with the software.
The SDG Summit, the Climate Action Summit and the other crucial meetings that will take place in New York in September 2019 provide leaders everywhere with an opportunity to get the world back on track and to kick-start a decade of delivery for people and the planet. The time is right, and we must act now. In that spirit, I commend this report to a wide global audience. 041b061a72